What are the 7 principles of GDPR

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a comprehensive law on data security and privacy for citizens of the European Union (EU). Implemented on May 25, 2018, it has since become the benchmark for global data security. GDPR seeks to give individuals more control over their personal data while encouraging organizations to process it responsibly and transparently. It is founded upon seven principles that guide organizations when handling personal data – let us explore them more closely.

Legality, Fairness, and Transparency

Organizations must process personal data lawfully, fairly, and transparently. They should inform individuals about the collection, processing, and use of their personal data in a clear and concise manner that is easy to access for individuals so they can comprehend how their information is being utilized. This information should also be accessible online so individuals have an easy-to-understand view of what happens with their data.

For instance, companies collecting email addresses from customers must inform them how it will be used, if it will be shared with third parties, and for how long.

Objective Limitation

Organizations must collect personal data only for specific, explicit, and legitimate purposes. They must not process it in any way that is incompatible with these goals.

For instance, a company collecting email addresses for its newsletter cannot use those addresses to send marketing emails that the individual did not expressly consent to receive.

Data Minimization

Organizations must limit the collection of personal data to what is necessary for processing. They also ensure that this data is accurate and up-to-date.

For instance, a company collecting personal data for shipping purposes must only collect necessary details like an individual’s name, address, and phone number.


Organizations must guarantee the accuracy and completeness of personal data. They should take reasonable steps to remove or rectify inaccurate or incomplete information.

For instance, companies collecting personal data must guarantee its accuracy and timely updating before using it to make decisions regarding an individual.

Storage Limitation

Organizations must not keep personal data longer than necessary for the purposes for which it was collected. They also ensure that such information is securely deleted once no longer required.

For instance, companies collecting personal data for a particular purpose, like running a contest, must ensure the deletion of that data once the contest is concluded.

Integrity and Confidentiality

Organizations must process personal data securely, guarding it against unauthorized or unlawful processing, accidental loss, destruction, or damage.

A company collecting personal data must secure it and safeguard it against cyberattacks and other security hazards.


Organizations must demonstrate their adherence to GDPR by demonstrating they are abiding by its principles and have adequate measures in place for protecting personal data.

For instance, companies collecting personal data must implement policies and procedures to guarantee compliance with GDPR. They also need to be able to demonstrate their adherence if requested by an individual or regulatory authority.


GDPR is an extensive regulation that safeguards EU citizens’ privacy and personal data. The seven principles of GDPR offer organizations guidance on how to legally, fairly, and transparently process personal data. By adhering to these guidelines, companies can build trust with their customers while demonstrating their dedication to data protection and privacy.


Q: What counts as personal data under GDPR? A: In general, personal data refers to any information which enables an individual to be identified either directly or indirectly – such as names, email addresses, IP addresses, phone numbers, and other identifiable details. This includes names, email addresses, IP addresses, and phone numbers, among others.

Q: What are the consequences of non-compliance with GDPR? A: Non-compliance can incur fines of up to 4% of a company’s global annual revenue or EUR20 million, whichever is greater. Furthermore, non-compliance can tarnish a company’s reputation and erode customer trust in them.

Q: How can organizations ensure compliance with GDPR? A: Organizations can guarantee GDPR observance by enacting policies and procedures to protect personal data, informing employees about its requirements, as well as conducting regular audits to confirm adherence.

Q: What rights do individuals have under GDPR? A: Individuals have several rights under GDPR, such as accessing their personal data, requesting its deletion or correction, and objecting to the processing of that data.

Q: Can organizations transfer personal data outside the EU under GDPR? A: Absolutely, organizations are allowed to do so under GDPR, provided the receiving country has adequate data protection laws or implements appropriate safeguards to safeguard your information.


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